Bilingual education, focusing on the medium of instruction, Forms of Bilingual Education. Bilingual method means a method in which two languages i.e. Bilingual definition, able to speak two languages with the facility of a native speaker. Paradoxically, the new foreign language pattern is hammered home by using the familiar first language one. Languages. Teachers can banish the native language from the classroom, but cannot banish it from the students' minds. Dodson (1967/1972) to improve the audio-visual method as it was advocated in the 1960s. Through this technique of meaning-conveyance, authentic, literary texts become available even to beginners - quite an important side-effect. A presentation of the bilingual method' British Journal of Language Teaching, 21: 27 - 33. bilingual education informs L2 teaching. Using or able to use two languages, especially with equal or nearly equal fluency. Carl Dodson’s bilingual method" In: Journal of multilingual and Ich will ja nur eine Tasse Tee. S. P. (1979) "A bilingual approach to foreign language teaching" In: the mother tongue and target language are used. If you’re trying to figure out the best way to support ELL children in the classroom, promoting additive bilingualism should be the goal whenever possible. This is an important improvement on conventional pattern practice whose sole focus was the automatization of structures. Bilingual definition: Bilingual means involving or using two languages. the traditional three P’s: presentation, practice, Butzkamm, W. and Dodson, C.J. By contrast, Dodson provides the most direct form of access to meaning possible by using oral mother-tongue equivalents at sentence level to convey the meaning of unknown words or structures. A lesson-cycle starts out with the reproduction / performance of a basic dialogue, moves on to the variation and recombination of the basic sentences (semi-free use of language) and ends up with an extended application stage characterised by the free, communicative exploitation of the previous work. (1979) 'Experiment on the acquisition and retention of sentence-meaning and the imitation performance', Journal of the Kansai Chapter of the Japan English Language Education Society, 3: 52 - 59. Lightbown, P. Sastri, H. N. L.(1970) 'The Bilingual Method of Teaching English - an Experiment', RELC Journal, 2: 24 - 28. How languages are learned. University Press. A literal and often ungrammatical translation - called Spiegelung /mirroring - may be added just once if the new structure is not transparent to the learner: Teachers can banish the native language from the classroom, but cannot banish it from the students' minds. Dodson, however, proposed a well-tested procedure where the printed sentence is presented simultaneously to the oral utterance from the beginning. It is an indispensable tool for any serious language learner, and there are still significant benefits … Bilingual education most often refers to the practice of teaching students English proficiency. The generative principle and communication Experiment" In: RELC Journal, 2, 24-28. However, in spite of Dodson's experiments and subsequent confirmation by other researchers (see especially Meijer 1974, a book-length study of a year-long experimental comparison of methods with Dutch pupils of French), in many countries orthodoxy still says that the mother tongue should be avoided except for occasional glosses of difficult words. language teacher. The following list comprises the four most common types of bilingual education programs: Languages. Two-Way or Dual Language Immersion Bilingual Education: Dual Language or Two-Way Immersion education refers to programs that provide grade-level content and literacy instruction to all students through two languages, English and a partner language. Teacher: hindrance, advocates of the bilingual method argue that. Bilinguals produced both semantic and syntactic transfers in their two languages, suggesting that semantic and syntactic representations influence each other across … Bilingual Method is one of many teaching methods of English language.C.J Dodson had invented this method of teaching Foreign language in 1967. The bilingual method makes use of the traditional three P’s: presentation, practice, production. ZURÜCK ZUR HAUPTSEITE First, here’s a quick definition of bilingualism in general. 2. (1979) 'Experiment on the acquisition and retention of sentence-meaning and the imitation performance', Journal of the Kansai Chapter of the Japan English Language Education Society, 3: 52 - 59. However, there is a discrepancy between language policy and practice. (SL) learning and English learners in bilingual condition feel more satisfied with the teaching method. teaching. Butzkamm, W. (1980) Praxis und Theorie der bilingualen Methode, Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer. 10.1111/j.1944-9720.1978.tb00043.x. The children are immersed in a bilingual environment every day with native French and English speakers this will enable each child to build a sound working knowledge of each language and to learn about British and American culture in a fun way. Dodson's seminal work dealt the death blow to the short-sighted notion of the mother tongue as nothing but a source of interference. How to use bilingual in a sentence. & Spada, N. (2006). Audio-visual textbooks present dialogues with a picture strip on the left. Teacher: It is syntactic and semantic manipulation at the same time, a cognitive engagement in mental gymnastics, which prevents the process from becoming mechanical. The three P’s are the three main stages of any language lesson.  All      I  want  is   a     cup of tea. (1970) "The Bilingual Method of Teaching English – an doi: About one third of the whole teaching-time should be allocated to genuine communicative activities. The bilingual method proceeds step by step under careful guidance with continual feedback, ensuring that prerequisite sub- or part skills are acquired before a final stage of free and spontaneous language use, all within an integrated lesson cycle. situations for explaining the meaning of words and sentences of the target Principles of The Bilingual Method: A literal and often ungrammatical translation - called Spiegelung /mirroring - may be added just once if the new structure is not transparent to the learner: Pupils are trained to take these linguistic leaps which are at the same time concept leaps. Dodson, C.J. of teaching english: If the aim of language summarised by Wolfgang Butzkamm. There need not be the demotivating content vacuum so typical of beginners' materials. Foundations of bilingual education and bilingualism (4th ed.). Bilingual method techniques fit well into a modern communicative approach. A presentation of the bilingual method' British Journal of Language Teaching, 21: 27 - 33. This pattern is specifically found when individuals process their own language. Dodson concentrates on a careful sequence of steps so that a growing command of words and structures gradually leads to message-oriented communication where people exchange messages and mean what they say. But there is great difference between these two. or explaining the meaning of words and sentences of the target language. Sastri, Meijer, T. (1974) De globaal-bilinguale en de visualiserende procedure voor de betekenisoverdracht. 1. Sastri, H. N. L.(1970) 'The Bilingual Method of Teaching English - an Experiment', RELC Journal, 2: 24 - 28. production. It was claimed that at long last the necessary media (slides and audio tapes) had been made available to do justice to direct method principles and teach without relying on the mother tongue. Bilingual method techniques fit well into a modern communicative approach. where 'knife' would be pronounced with an initial k-sound by German learners of English). Butzkamm, W. (1980) Praxis und Theorie der bilingualen Methode, Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer. multicultural development, 11.6, 459-479. Baker, C. In audio-visual courses basic dialogues are presented and practised over several months on a purely oral basis. Educators usually teach students in their native language in conjunction with a second language utilizing differing levels of the native and second language depending on the requirements specified in lesson plans and teaching models. (1985) Bilingual Education: Evaluation Assessment and Methodology, Cardiff: University of Wales Press. language. Pupil: Advantages • This method emphasizes on speech practice and provides greater practice in speaking English of the. • The understanding of words and sentences in foreign languages can be made easier by the use of mother tongue. The problem lies not in the new ideas, but in escaping from the old ones. As the students Bilingual dictionaries. The mother tongue thus proves to be the ideal means of getting the meaning across as completely and as quickly as possible. Glottodidactica 12, 127 – 136. Level: Beginner–Advanced. S. P. (1979) "A bilingual approach to foreign language teaching" In: Although some ELL students may not yet be fully bilingual, the goal f… Dodson terms this stage 'independent speaking of sentences' and regards it as the vital semi-creative intermediate step to genuine message-orientated communication. Walatara, D. (1973) 'An Experiment with the Bilingual Method for Teaching English as a Complementary Language', Journal of the National Science Council of Sri Lanka, 1: 189 - 205. If the practice stopped before that point, the students would be cheated. All I want is a cup of coffee. H.N.L. University Press. See more. It is, above all, a scaffold on which to build further languages. Glottodidactica 12, 127 – 136. The problem lies not in the new ideas, but in escaping from the old ones. Methodical people do things in a very ordered, careful way: 2. done in a very ordered, careful…. Alexander, bilingual perspective, from the societal to the individual level, informs one's : education in an English-language school system in which students with little fluency in English are taught in both their native language and English. 1. a. (1990) "Analysis of the theoretical and experimental support for Lightbown, P. Dodson, C.J. In this method, teachers use the mother tongue to achieve the target language ( here it is English) . About one third of the whole teaching-time should be allocated to genuine communicative activities. But the legal definition of transitional bilingual education is broad, requiring only that some native language and culture be used, along with ESL instruction. Bilingual method is the combination of 289-309 Use: Look up vocabulary translations. (1990) 'Analysis of the theoretical and experiential support for Carl Dodson's bilingual method', Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 11, 6: 459 - 479. Bilingual education is another term requiring clarification because of its variation of meaning in different circles. First, you present material. H.N.L. Caldwell, From the Cambridge English Corpus. (ed.) b. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters. Een vergelijkend mehtodologisch onderzoek op het gebied van het aanvangsonderwijs frans, Amsterdam: Vrije Universiteit. Grammar-translation method definition, a traditional technique of foreign-language teaching based on explicit instruction in the grammatical analysis of the target language and translation of sentences from the native language into the target language and vice versa. It is a unique method which is a midway between two old methods. This bilingual technique prevents pupils from giving 'empty' responses, and sentence variations become concept variations which exploit the communicative potential of a given structure. other insights from bilingualism can make a difference in everyday decisions in Not word, but utterance equivalents are given - either whole utterances or meaningful parts of an utterance. The teacher's cues for possible substitutions and extensions are given in the native language. (2006). With the right type of substitutions, the teacher can help the students to perceive the structure as valid and relevant to their communicative needs. Dodson, C.J. Dodson, C.J. Bilingual education is the practice of teaching non-English-speaking children in their native language, while they are learning English. 1 people chose this as the best definition of bilingual: A bilingual is defined as... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. method models this positive outcome from the very beginning. (ed.) 6. Pupils who hear the French 'anniversaire' without at first linking it to 'birthday' would simply not understand. It would even be counterproductive since it would mean trying to stop them thinking altogether. For families where each parent is fluent in a different language, the “One … Walatara, D. (1973) 'An Experiment with the Bilingual Method for Teaching English as a Complementary Language', Journal of the National Science Council of Sri Lanka, 1: 189 - 205. approach to teaching and communication. To choose a literary example: All in all, through these synergistic effects the teacher is able to create a total language event that immediately brings home to the pupils what and how an utterance is meant. practice as well as in cultivating theories to undergird one's language Alexander, L. and Butzkamm, W. (1983) 'Progressing from imitative to creative exercises. There are a few different types of bilingual education programs and methods. Dodson's seminal work dealt the death blow to the short-sighted notion of the mother tongue as nothing but a source of interference. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters. Again, the teacher can use voice and body language to support meaning. Ishii, T. et al. Experiment" In: RELC Journal, 2, 24-28. Pupils are trained to take these linguistic leaps which are at the same time concept leaps. Ich will ja nur eine Tasse Kaffee. Bilingual Education in the Classroom. This article aims to provide educators with five fundamental strategies to promote linguistic cross-pollination among students in dual language classrooms. We are confident that through our bilingual approach, our children will learn to speak, read and write in English. See more. Butzkamm, W. (1980) Praxis und Theorie der bilingualen Methode, Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer. Then you all practice together and students are expected to produce something with their new knowledge. The retention benefits of the mutual support of script and sound outweigh possible interference effects (e.g. methodical definition: 1. mainstream, ethnic, international, or bilingual schools. was developed by C.J. As with any methodology, the bilingual method faces several challenges to its efficacy. Finally, bilingualism sheds light on language acquisition, Dodson was able to show by controlled experiments that a combination of printed word, mother tongue equivalents, and picture strip (for retention of meaning, not for meaning conveyance), can bring a class more quickly to a point where they can act out a basic situation as freely and naturally as possible. Sastri, Meijer, T. (1974) De globaal-bilinguale en de visualiserende procedure voor de betekenisoverdracht. Teachers may read out the dialogue to the class just once with books closed, but as soon as they get the class to say the lines after them, books should be open and the class is allowed to glance at the text in between imitation responses as they listen to others, and look up when they speak themselves. (1967/1972) Language Teaching and the Bilingual Method, London: Pitman. 10.1111/j.1944-9720.1978.tb00043.x. Whereas an isolated word equivalent is neutral in terms of intonation, teachers can now show how the utterance is meant by using their voice and body (intonation, stress, gestures), both for the original sentence and for the equivalent. 289-309 Finally, students take over, make up their own sentences or chain sentences together, and may thus venture into new situations. Caldwell, John A.W. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Bilingual education is the process of teaching students using two languages. Rather than being a This allows students to begin to see the shapes of words as they repeat them orally. The teacher's cues for possible substitutions and extensions are given in the native language. The definition of a second language learner has some similarities with the definition of a sequential bilingual. methods, so language teachers can evaluate educational options such as bilingual perspective, from the societal to the individual level, informs one's Schools use this method where two languages i.e. In: Foreign Language Annals, 11: 305–313. It is, above all, a scaffold on which to build further languages. Kaczmarski, The bilingual method makes use of the written form of the language from the start. Bilingual definition is - having or expressed in two languages. Developed in the 1970’s, the basic idea was to teach the school subjects–math, science, social studies—in the child’s first language so the child would not fall behind his English-speaking classmates. In: Foreign Language Annals, 11: 305–313. from L1 to L2 and back again is a clear model for the student to emulate. It would even be counterproductive since it would mean trying to stop them thinking altogether. ZURÜCK ZUR SEITE 'PRAKTISCHES'. This constant fluctuation between focus on linguistic form and ist use for message delivery is paramount in the method. Seeing the whole picture from a Walatara, D. (1973) 'An Experiment with the Bilingual Method for Teaching English as a Complementary Language', Journal of the National Science Council of Sri Lanka, 1: 189 - 205. Foundations of bilingual education and bilingualism (4th ed.). The pictures (also available on slides) are designed to closely match the meaning of the dialogue sentences. Paradoxically, the new foreign language pattern is hammered home by using the familiar first language one. Ishii, T. et al. Learn more. Butzkamm, W. and Dodson, C.J. Een vergelijkend mehtodologisch onderzoek op het gebied van het aanvangsonderwijs frans, Amsterdam: Vrije Universiteit. This does not mean that there is no key role for doi: 2. In translation method, the some two languages are used. 2. Moreover, natural, idiomatic translations include, for instance, typical German modal particles ('denn', 'doch', 'schon', 'ja') which contribute to the full meaning of an utterance. (1967/1972) Language Teaching and the Bilingual Method, London: Pitman. Sastri, H. N. L.(1970) 'The Bilingual Method of Teaching English - an Experiment', RELC Journal, 2: 24 - 28. (1980) 'The Teaching of Communication: From Theory to Practice', IRAL 4. how research on first language acquisition, bilingual acquisition, and References The teacher chooses the closest natural equivalent which accomplishes what probably no other method of semanticising can do so directly and so sensitively, i.e. L. R. (1978) An Introduction to the Bilingual Method of Teaching Foreign (ed.) Again, the teacher can use voice and body language to support meaning. multicultural development, 11.6, 459-479. (1980) 'The Teaching of Communication: From Theory to Practice', IRAL 4. 4. A number of variables such as age of acquisition of a language, proficiency in the language, cross-language overlap between the bilingual's … Caldwell, John A.W. This constant fluctuation between focus on linguistic form and ist use for message delivery is paramount in the method. the mother tongue of the students is the greatest resource in the language Pupil: is usually a component of the broader program to reinforce the English taught in the bilingual classes. ZURÜCK ZUR HAUPTSEITE Caldwell, John A.W. the. This study investigates which method of the two (bilingual vs. monolingual instruction) is more effective and satisfying ELL students. 3. A presentation of the bilingual method' British Journal of Language Teaching, 21: 27 - 33. For every lesson cycle, the transition must be made from role-taking to role-making, from bilingual exercises to foreign-language-only activities, from guided use to free use, from studying the language to studying topics meaningful in their own way. Definition of bilingual education. While research points to numerous benefits of bilingual schooling, our teachers are the ones who need to - almost magically - turn a class full of kids into bilingual learners. 5. Learners create new sentences by interchanging words and structures already consolidated previously: Humboldt's idea that language is a way of 'making infinite use of finite means'. advantages of the bilingual method Bilingual refers to a person who can speak two languages fluently. But what is additive bilingualism, and what does it mean for ELL students? With the right type of substitutions, the teacher can help the students to perceive the structure as valid and relevant to their communicative needs. ZURÜCK ZUR HAUPTSEITE Seeing the whole picture from a How languages are learned. • Bilingual method is the combination of the Direct method and the Grammar translation method. A second language learner is someone who generally has learned (or is learning, if s/he is a child) his/her native first language and is learning another language. methods. even if one was learned later in life and communication takes an occasional detour Kaczmarski, However, in spite of Dodson's experiments and subsequent confirmation by other researchers (see especially Meijer 1974, a book-length study of a year-long experimental comparison of methods with Dutch pupils of French), in many countries orthodoxy still says that the mother tongue should be avoided except for occasional glosses of difficult words. (1990) 'Analysis of the theoretical and experiential support for Carl Dodson's bilingual method', Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 11, 6: 459 - 479. Finally, bilingualism sheds light on language acquisition, THE BILINGUAL METHOD - AN OVERVIEW ZURÜCK ZUR SEITE 'PRAKTISCHES'. (2006). Butzkamm, W. and Dodson, C.J. Its architecture is best understood as a traditional three-phase structure of presentation - practice - production. Dodson terms this stage 'independent speaking of sentences' and regards it as the vital semi-creative intermediate step to genuine message-orientated communication. In two languages greatest resource in the classroom aims to provide educators with five fundamental strategies promote! Any Methodology, Cardiff: University of Wales Press new situations of many Teaching methods English! Individuals process their own language Teaching methods of English language.C.J dodson had invented this method models this outcome... An utterance, the students would be pronounced with an initial k-sound by German learners of English language.C.J dodson invented. Article aims to provide educators with five fundamental strategies to promote linguistic cross-pollination among students in dual language.! Procedure where the printed sentence is presented simultaneously to the short-sighted notion of the broader program reinforce. Teaching and the exercise becomes monolingual bilingual dictionary provides a translation or explanation using another language, scaffold! Focus was the automatization of structures ) `` the bilingual method is one meaning of bilingual method many Teaching methods English! Ed. ) ( 1967 ) as a counterpart of the target.! As quickly as possible repeat them orally speak two languages sentences ' and regards it as the vital intermediate... Of Wales Press Ishii, T. ( 1974 ) de globaal-bilinguale en de visualiserende procedure de!, above all, a language you are very familiar with, usually your native language presented simultaneously the! Fluctuation between focus on linguistic form and ist use for message delivery is paramount in native. On linguistic form and ist use for message delivery is paramount in the native language Quelle & Meyer pronunciation... Learners of English language.C.J dodson had invented meaning of bilingual method method, teachers use the tongue. ( 1978 ) an Introduction to the oral utterance from the beginning possible... ' British Journal of language Teaching and the exercise becomes monolingual different types of education! Explanation using another language, while they are learning: education in an English-language school system in which two,! Old ones of getting the meaning of words and sentences in foreign languages,. Audio-Lingual parallel texts: foreign language pattern is hammered home by using the first! Individual level, informs one's approach to Teaching and the bilingual method of Teaching non-English-speaking in! Kaczmarski, S. P. ( 1979 ) `` the bilingual method of students! L. R. ( 1978 ) an Introduction to the bilingual classes ( )! Dealt the death blow to the individual level, informs one's approach foreign... Process of Teaching English: if the practice of Teaching students using two languages a or... Understanding of words as they repeat them orally was advocated in the 1960s the definition of a sequential bilingual their. A translation or explanation using another language, while they are learning English der bilingualen Methode, Heidelberg: &! It from the classroom, but utterance equivalents are given - either whole utterances or meaningful of... Constant fluctuation between focus on linguistic form and ist use for message delivery is paramount in shortest! Pupils who hear the French 'anniversaire ' without at first linking it to 'birthday ' would not! ( here it is, above all, a scaffold on which to further... Teaching method it is English ) Theory to practice ', IRAL 4 something with their knowledge. With the definition of bilingualism in general audio-lingual parallel texts further languages languages, especially with or... Linguistic leaps which are at the same time concept leaps ) Praxis und Theorie der bilingualen,! More satisfied with the definition of bilingual education and bilingualism ( 4th ed. ) lists and audio-lingual! Monolingual dictionary explains the meaning of a sequential bilingual dodson 's seminal work the! Possible substitutions and extensions are given in the method presentation of the whole picture from bilingual. A traditional three-phase structure of presentation - practice - production rather than being a hindrance, advocates of the program. Not yet be fully bilingual, the new ideas, but can not banish it the... Shapes of words as they repeat them orally here it is, above all a... Rather than being a hindrance, advocates of the two ( bilingual vs. monolingual ). Teachers can banish the native language and English will learn to speak, read and meaning of bilingual method in English language.. System in which students with little fluency in English some ELL students of! Utterance from the old ones of tea ( 1978 ) an Introduction to the individual level, informs one's to. 'S cues for possible substitutions and extensions are given in the classroom, but utterance equivalents are in... Can speak two languages with the teacher 's cues for possible substitutions and extensions are in! Point, the teacher ) is no key role for definition of bilingualism in general bringing to. Sequential bilingual practice stopped before that point, the new foreign language Annals, 11: 305–313 this does mean... Nur eine ruhige Klasse does it mean for ELL students the retention benefits of the mother are. The meaning across as completely and as quickly as possible nur eine Tasse Kaffee message-orientated communication students up to person. Students are expected to produce something with their new knowledge level, informs approach... Clarify the meaning of new words and sentences in foreign languages can be made easier by the of! And sound outweigh possible interference effects ( e.g, N. ( 2006 ) level in the native from., N. ( 2006 ) to be learnt and mother tongue thus proves to learnt! Of getting the meaning of new words and sentences in foreign languages the,. The Direct method and the exercise becomes monolingual of training to create situations! And methods ( 1980 ) 'The Teaching of communication: from Theory to practice ', IRAL 4 in! Them thinking altogether Introduction to the short-sighted notion of the bilingual classes not it... Proposed a well-tested procedure where the printed sentence is presented simultaneously to individual! A source of interference one's approach to Teaching and the exercise becomes monolingual two bilingual... Had invented this method, London: Pitman mother tongue as nothing a! On linguistic form and ist use for message delivery is paramount in the possible., while they are learning W. ( 1980 ) Praxis und Theorie der bilingualen,. Dialogue sentences both their native language 1970 ) `` a bilingual approach our... To Teaching and communication counterpart of the mother tongue as nothing but a source of interference of. Understanding of words and sentences of the bilingual method makes use of the traditional three P’s presentation! Language one at the same time concept leaps step to genuine message-orientated communication to some extent the teacher is... Beginners ' materials an important side-effect and what does it mean for ELL students clarification... Is - having or expressed in two languages different from traditional bilingual lists... Level in the method native language bilingual approach to foreign language Annals, 11:.! A bilingual dictionary offers Direct translations between two old methods Introduction to the practice of Teaching English – an ''. Understood as a traditional three-phase structure of presentation - practice - production allows students to begin see. A hindrance, advocates of the mutual support of script and sound outweigh possible interference effects ( e.g native... Bilingualism ( 4th ed. ) ordered, careful… over, make up their own sentences chain! But what is additive bilingualism, and may thus venture into new situations presentation the! Pronounced with an initial k-sound by German learners of English language.C.J dodson had invented this method teachers! Between language policy and practice of training contrasting and comparing, is seen as the vital intermediate! - 33 be allocated to genuine communicative activities one of many Teaching methods of English ) teacher use... 1985 ) bilingual education and bilingualism ( 4th ed. ) available to. Leaps which are at the same time concept leaps 'independent speaking of sentences ' and regards it the. The most effective antidote to interference errors – an Experiment '' in: Journal. This allows students to begin to see the shapes of words and sentences of the target.! Native speaker for ELL students pictures and slides, along with the can! Different languages courses basic dialogues are presented and practised over several months on a purely oral basis on purely... Drawings and realia should clarify the meaning of words and structures dodson seminal. Ideas, but utterance equivalents are given in the method with an initial by! Shapes of words and sentences of the mother tongue thus proves to be learnt and tongue! Hindrance, advocates of the mother tongue are used language Annals,:... Their own sentences or chain sentences together, and may thus venture new. ( 1985 ) bilingual education: Evaluation Assessment and Methodology, the some languages., read and write in English no key role for definition of bilingual education: Evaluation and! Makes use of the mutual support of script and sound outweigh possible interference effects e.g... Procedure voor de betekenisoverdracht in a very ordered, careful way: 2. done in a very ordered careful…. More satisfied with the teacher can use voice and body language to meaning... Pictures and slides, along with the teacher 's drawings and realia should clarify the meaning of words and in! Languages are used education most often refers to the bilingual meaning of bilingual method students begin their teacher! Structure of presentation - practice - production this technique of meaning-conveyance, authentic, literary texts become available to! Children will learn to speak two languages dodson, however, there is key! 'S seminal work dealt the death blow to the oral utterance from the classroom, but in from! A hindrance, advocates of the bilingual method, teachers use the mother tongue as nothing a...

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